Earth Affairs: Colleges save numerous time with photo voltaic power; Tardigrades flip blue for UV safety

• NOAA reports that the earth just had the warmest September ever: And it seems that 2020 will be one of the three warmest years ever. For September The global average temperature of 0.97 degrees Celsius was above the average of the 20th century and exceeded the previous records for 2015 and 2016. The seven warmest September occurred in the last seven years.

• Tardigraden, these robust bear-like inhabitants of the microcosm, glow blue for protection: The Creatures can survive for days in the vacuum of space at -270 degrees Celsius and 150 degrees Celsius and emerge unscathed from titanium ionizing radiation, which is 600 times the level that would kill a human. They also have strong resistance to ultraviolet light. One type of tiny creature turns blue to protect itself with fluorescent molecules of bright blue pigments. In the Biology Letters of October 14th, researchers reported on the phenomenon in the species Paramacrobiotus. Placed under the light of a germicidal UV lamp for 15 minutes – enough time to kill most other microbes and inflict a skin lesion on a person – anything Paramacrobiotus Specimens survived, seemingly unaffected by the ordeal. It was only later that researchers discovered that they do this through fluorescence. The more they fluoresce, the longer they live after exposure.

• In the first eight months of 2020, the increase in methane will increase by 32%: According to Kayrros, a data analytics firm, satellite data showed hotspots – leaks exceeding 5 tons per hour – related to oil and gas operations. For over 20 years methane is 84-86 times more effective as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. Commitments to reduce methane emissions are obviously not working. The largest emitters in 2019 were the USA, Russia, Algeria, Turkmenistan, Iran and Iraq, President of Kayrros Antoine Rostand said. So far this year leaks in Algeria, Russia and Turkmenistan were higher than the global average. "Such increases in Methane emissions concern and in stark contrast to that in the Paris Agreement from 2015 (to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius), " Rostand said. "Despite many discussions about climate protection measures by actors in the energy industry, global methane emissions continue to rise sharply. In 2019 alone, our technology tracked a total volume of visible large methane leaks of 10 million (metric) tons, which is over 800 million tons of CO over a 20 year period. "

• Would you like environmentally friendly tips? A new study says no you don't. Titled "Don't Tell Me What To Do" – Georgia State University researchers surveyed nearly 2,000 people online to gauge their response to various messages about climate change. Some saw messages of personal sacrifices, such as the use of less hot water. Others saw statements about policy measures, such as laws to reduce emissions or raise fuel efficiency standards for cars.

Then the respondents were asked for their thoughts on climate change. People who read advice on individual action were less likely to say they believe in man-made climate change, support climate-friendly political candidates, or take action to reduce their own emissions.

On the other hand, "when the news was linked to political issues, it had no such negative impact," she said. Palm's study confirms previous research that people prefer sweeping changes that don't require them to change their own behavior. They just don't feel like anything they could do would make that much difference.

While advice on changing personal behavior was received negatively across the political spectrum, Republicans reacted more negatively than Democrats.

• Chinese wind power manufacturers propose aggressive expansion: The plan would increase wind capacity from 210 gigawatts today (most of the world) to 800 GW by 2030 and 3,000 gigawatts by 2060. 110 gigawatts of wind power are currently installed in the USA. The installed power generation capacity of all power sources in the USA is 1,100 gigawatts. The Chinese plan to add 50 new gigawatts of wind power on and off the coast each year by 2025. Last year, China installed 26 additional gigawatts of wind power.

• Millions of exposed forest fire smoke affected by high pollution levels sometimes last longer than a week: The west coast fires exposed more than 8 million people to unsafe smoke, a serious problem for most people, with the potential to kill thousands among the elderly and the less disabled. Oregon was badly hit in September. The state's largest cities reported the highest levels of pollution ever recorded. Many people ended up in hospital emergency rooms. While most recover, some will have permanent lung damage. With pStanford University scientists estimate that up to 3,000 people over 65 died prematurely as a result of smoking in California alone in a six-week period that began on August 1. Washington researchers say Washington has bad air for weeks caused by the fires, hundreds more deaths could have occurred. No such study has been published for Oregon.

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